Archive for the ‘Campaign Updates’ Category


WSU economic study critical of Yakima Plan lacks context, makes faulty assumptions

By Michael Garrity and Steve Malloch, American Rivers

The Yakima Basin Integrated Plan is an ambitious plan to restore native fish and provide more reliable water supplies in Washington state’s Yakima River Basin. The Yakima Basin is the most productive agricultural area in Washington, and the withdrawal of water for the basin’s farms has drastically reduced Yakima River salmon populations over the last century. The Yakima Plan will increase salmon populations to hundreds of thousands and improve water management through a combination of water conservation, water markets, water storage (in both reservoirs and groundwater), habitat restoration and protection, and fish passage projects.  Supported by a broad coalition of conservation groups, the Yakama Nation, irrigation districts, local governments, and state and federal agencies, the Yakima Plan won an award from the American Water Resources Association for its innovative and collaborative approach to water management.  In 2013 the Yakima Plan secured the protection of the beloved Teanaway Community Forest, which includes the largest contiguous block of land acquired for conservation in Washington in 50 years.

The State of Washington’s Water Research Center, housed at Washington State University (WSU), recently released an economic analysis that individually evaluates the various components of the Yakima Plan.  A 2012 integrated analysis found that the Yakima Plan has an overall positive benefit-cost ratio, but the State Legislature instructed the Research Center to take a look at various projects in isolation.  The WSU report’s disaggregated approach leads it to conclude that the most worthwhile elements of the Yakima Plan are fish passage and water marketing, and that the least valuable components of the plan are water conservation, fish habitat restoration, and new water storage projects.

It is no surprise that the WSU analysis finds parts of the Yakima Plan worth doing and others not worth the price.  The Yakima Plan was developed to address many needs in the Yakima River watershed, not just economic needs, and it looks ahead to climate changed conditions never before experienced. Supporters of the Plan are working to find and implement solutions to a huge set of historically divisive economic, social, and environmental challenges – decimated salmon fisheries, ESA-listed steelhead and bull trout, drought, climate change, flood management, maintaining a strong agricultural base, and building a stronger recreational economy.  Compromise and balance are needed if solutions are to take root.  We all must move forward together to improve the unacceptable status quo for the river and the local economy, or we won’t move forward at all.

Below is our initial take on the WSU analysis – a more technical review of the report will be undertaken by the Yakima Plan workgroup as a whole in the coming weeks.

  • The WSU analysis confirms that salmon and steelhead restoration drives the benefits of the Yakima Plan, although it calculates the fisheries benefit to be roughly $1-2 billion rather than the $6-8.5 billion calculated under a previous analysis by the Bureau of Reclamation and the Washington Department of Ecology. This decrease is in part due to reducing the per-fish value of Columbia Basin salmon in light of higher recent returns that have somewhat reduced the scarcity – and thus the value – of salmon from a Columbia Basin-wide economic perspective.  Given that there is debate over whether recent Columbia Basin fish returns represent a temporary upward blip or a more durable trend, the WSU report’s decision to reduce the per-fish value based on recent returns is questionable.
  • The WSU report assumed 5% annual salmon population increases for all stocks from fish passage projects at headwaters reservoirs. This is likely a vast underestimate of the rate of sockeye population growth, as these fish will be actively re-introduced to habitat above dams and reservoirs and therefore will likely grow into large populations considerably more quickly than the WSU report assumes. The report also overlooks other key economic benefits of fishery restoration such as recovering steelhead to a point where they can be considered recovered under the Endangered Species Act, preventing other species of native fish from being listed as threatened or endangered, and meeting tribal treaty and trust obligations.
  • The WSU report takes greatest exception to the value of water storage projects. In the last century, water storage projects like those included in the Yakima Plan would have been built at taxpayer cost with enormous subsidies for the water users.  But in the Yakima, farmers and other water users will pay for their share of these projects with their own money, and pay for them with interest. This strongly suggests that WSU’s assumption about the low value of additional water supplies is wrong. Those who will actually pay for the water supply projects are willing to put down their own money with interest instead of relying on taxpayer dollars.
  • The report fails to recognize the value of water conservation and efficiency projects in the Yakima Basin, which help to extend water supplies for farms and communities and improve instream flows in critical reaches of the mainstem Yakima and Naches rivers as well as on tributaries like Manastash Creek. It seems that the inherently “integrated” benefits of conservation, efficiency, and better water management were just too difficult for WSU to calculate using an approach that focused on getting more water out of the river in times of drought.
  • The WSU report should provide additional momentum to the water marketing element of the Yakima Plan by encouraging more water trading within and between irrigation districts and municipalities. But we believe the study overstates this element’s benefits by making some errors about both the amount of water that could legally be transferred as well as the willingness of water users and communities to change their behavior to the extent proposed in the study, especially in a manner that is also compatible with fish recovery.
  • Finally, and perhaps most importantly, the WSU report does not acknowledge the context in which the Yakima Plan is being implemented, ignoring phasing and decision points during the project’s 30+ year timeline. The Yakima Plan’s initial ten-year development phase provides major fishery and environmental benefits, and prioritizes the water supply projects that WSU identified as the cheapest and most cost-effective. Water users will purchase the share of the projects that benefit them, with most of their investment going toward the Kachess Drought Relief Pumping Plant, which the WSU report says is cost effective as a stand-alone project under more pessimistic (and unfortunately more likely) climate change assumptions. This project would pump more water out of an existing reservoir in drought years, pending environmental review. No new dams will built be under the Yakima Plan in the next ten years, and new dam construction will only be considered after expanded water conservation and water markets have been implemented and analyses of climate change and water demand have been refreshed.

The path forward represented by the Yakima Plan remains the most viable and realistic way to meet the needs of fish, farms, and communities in the Yakima Basin. The phased approach that has been adopted for the Plan’s implementation will allow us to adapt to changing conditions and new information. That new information may include some of the points raised by the WSU report, but corrected to account for the report’s many flawed assumptions.


The Next 10 Years: Yakima Basin Integrated Plan Update

By Michael Garrity, American Rivers

West Fork Teanaway River

Exploring the West Fork Teanaway River.

A great deal has occurred since our last update – all of it good news for the health of the Yakima Basin’s environment and economy.

On the final day of June 2013,

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Governor Jay Inslee signed a budget bill that provided $132 million to ratify and begin implementation of the Yakima Basin Integrated Plan. As part of the bill, the state purchased 50,000 acres of former private timberland in the legendary Teanaway River Valley, funded water conservation and habitat restoration in places like Manastash Creek, and will make fish passage and water storage improvements at Cle Elum and Kachess reservoirs “construction ready” by 2015.

The success at the state level has set the stage for local and federal government funding work. The priorities for the first ten years of the Integrated Plan (“Initial Development Phase”) will build on what the state legislature funded including:

– Fish passage at Cle Elum Dam and one other water storage dam in the basin (to be determined after additional study);

– Additional land acquisition and protection including the former private timberland in the Teanaway and future acquisitions;

– Habitat restoration, including floodplain and meadow restoration and revegetation of riparian areas;

– Raising Cle Elum Reservoir by three feet, accessing more water stored behind Kachess Dam during drought years for farms, communities, and instream flow, and building a tunnel between Keechelus and Kachess reservoirs to improve river

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flows and ensure more rapid refill of Kachess Reservoir;

– Water conservation projects to reduce water diversions from the Yakima and Naches rivers, conserving about 85,000 acre feet of water; and

– Determining which major water storage project (Bumping Reservoir enlargement or Wymer Reservoir) will be pursued in Phase 2 – the second 10-year phase — of the Yakima Integrated Plan.

The cost of the approximately 10-year-long first phase of the Yakima Basin Integrated Plan is estimated at $739 million to $898 million, including the $132 million already provided by the State of Washington. Funding and implementing this initial phase on time will require federal funding and legislation combined with private and local contributions, as well as additional state funds. Given the importance of the Yakima Basin to Washington’s economy, recreation and environmental health, it’s an investment that is well worth it.


The Yakima Basin Integrated Plan – Gearing up for 2013

by Cynthia Wilkerson, The Wilderness Society

As we bid adieu to 2012, it is a good time to celebrate the success and momentum of the past year and to look forward to more progress in 2013 for the Yakima Basin Integrated Plan.


In 2012, our Yakima Basin Conservation Campaign focused its work on raising awareness and support for the Integrated Plan. The Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement came out in March detailing the major components of the Plan. Our collective efforts with the YBIP Implementation Committee resulted in over 15 letters of support or resolutions from in-basin and statewide organizations, as well as in-basin municipalities for the goals, framework and process to move the Integrated Plan forward. We also spent time talking with federal and state decision makers about the broad-based support for the Integrated Plan, the concept of forming a Washington DC Leadership Team of federal agencies, headed up by the Assistant Secretary of the Interior, to assist in moving the Plan forward at the federal level.

As 2013 dawns, we are excited to report that the Yakima Basin Integrated Plan is already moving into the state legislative session in Olympia. Representatives Chandler, Blake, Warnick, and Tharinger have cosponsored H.B. 1196, requested by the State Department

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of Ecology. The bill concerns support for the overall Integrated Plan and has its first hearing in the House Agriculture and Natural Resource Committee next week. We also expect to be working on a

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Capitol budget request to kick off a major contribution of state funds for the Integrated Plan in this session. Outgoing Governor Chris

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Gregoire included $20.9 million in funds in her final budget and newly sworn in Governor Jay Inslee clearly expressed his commitment to the Integrated Plan as the number one agricultural jobs priority during his campaign.

The Yakima Basin Conservation Campaign is also looking forward to the next round of discussions at the Watershed Lands Subcommittee to utilize all of the outreach and input we’ve received in 2012 into the refinement of a Lands Package.

More great progress to come and we’ll keep you informed!



Yakima Basin Conservation Campaign Monthly Update – Building Momentum

By Cynthia Wilkerson – The Wilderness Society


Since the last update, we‘ve been busy building momentum and support for the Integrated Plan and researching some critical aspects and opportunities.

Michael Garrity of American Rivers, traveled to D.C. with partners from the Yakama Nation, county commissions, Washington State Department of Ecology, and farmers to continue to

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raise awareness of the plan and ask for support for early implementation actions, such as fish passage at Lake Cle Elum and assessment of technical issues with the Bumping and Wymer dams.

Locally, we’re teaming up with this same cross-section of folks to seek endorsements for the framework of the plan. Key support in the past month has

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come from the Kittitas County Chamber of Commerce and the Mountains to Sound Greenway. Another critical development in terms of the Yakima Basin Integrated Plan collaboration is that the U.S. Forest Service has formally joined the Integrated Plan’s Work Group.

Finally, we have been making progress with our public lands partners in exploring how to create a robust and balanced lands protection package that protects and

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restores underlying watershed values, such as wildlife habitat and clean drinking water, and allows for balanced recreation opportunities for a diverse set of users that are compatible with the needs of the forests and rivers.

Stay tuned for further progress and work to protect the Yakima Basin for fish, farms and families continues.


First Monthly Campaign Update

May 10, 2012

By Cynthia Wilkerson, The Wilderness Society

Now that our website it up and running, we’ll be posting monthly updates on Yakima Basin Conservation Campaign highlights. Here’s the first one. We’ll aim to post a new update during the first week of every month.

April & May 2012

April started off with an endorsement of the plan from the City of Ellensburg and this Tuesday, the City of Cle Elum followed suit. Both cities recognize the need for collaborative solutions to this region’s water needs and the importance of the Yakima Basin Integrated Plan’s goals for their local economies.

Congressman Dave Reichert (R-8), whose current district will shift to include all of Kittitas County beginning in 2013, visited Kittitas County in April. During that visit he was asked about his thoughts on YBIP. He recognized the importance of Yakima Basin Integrated Plan to the county and that he’s getting up to speed on the plan.

We continue meeting with local, state and regional recreation and conservation groups about the Yakima Basin Integrated Plan and Wilderness, Wild and Scenic,

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and National Recreation Area designation opportunities in the basin. Kittitas County has a Citizen’s Advisory Committee looking specifically at the land use and economic impacts of the lands and rivers protections. As a member of that Committee, I am reviewing their draft report along with some help from an economist at The Wilderness Society – I’ll have more on the report as soon as it’s out.

Finally, we’re proud to have launched this website – Check it out, share it with friends, “like” us on Facebook, follow us on Twitter and get involved with the Campaign!

Fish. Families. Farms.
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